By Tim Bunnell
Keywords: Malay seafarers, oral histories, life geographies, identity, transnationalism, Southeast Asia
Rather than focusing on either bounded conceptions of migrant assimilation or unbounded transnational linkages, this paper situates migrant experiences in broader “routes of identity.” In the case of Malay ex-seamen in Liverpool, UK, all of whom are now in their seventies or eighties, this has meant tracing life geographies extending back well over half a century. During the middle decades of the twentieth century when these men arrived in Liverpool, the city was a major seaport with longstanding maritime connections to Southeast Asia and across the Pacific. Drawing upon fieldwork carried out in Liverpool and Southeast Asia between 2003 and 2008, the paper gives attention to four geographical dimensions of the shifting identities of Liverpool-based Malay ex-seamen: (1) the always-already fluid and mobile nature of their identifications which preceded long-distance migration; (2) shifting political geographies of identity (re)formation, particularly the establishment of post-colonial national boundaries which cut across prior modes of identification; (3) historically variable constitutive geographies of long-distance interconnection, most notably the transition from maritime socioeconomic networks to a post-maritime period; and (4) social sites through which individual and collective identities are emplaced. The intention is to sketch these four different dimensions in such a way as to allow them to speak critically to issues of transnationalism and migrant identity beyond the specific case of Malays in Liverpool.
(En Français) (Chinese)
Mobility Decision-Making and New Diasporic Spaces: Conceptualizing Korean Diasporas in the Post-Soviet Space
By Igor Saveliev
Keywords: Russian Koreans, Sakhalin Koreans, Korean diaspora, diasporic space, post-authoritarian society, mobility decision-making
Over half a million ethnic Koreans found themselves in the post-Soviet states after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Caught up in the political and economic transformation of these countries, they faced the necessity of constructing their own strategies for survival and resettlement. Briefly explaining the formation of Russian Koreans’ primary diasporas in their historical context and focusing on the diasporians’ mobility in the post-Soviet era, this study will show how the destruction of the constraints of the authoritarian period together with the collapse of the regime itself affects diasporas and enlarges the spaces available to them. Addressing the issue of the diaporians’ relationship to place and space, this article attempts to contribute to the conceptualization of the construction of new diasporic spaces and the discussion of mobility decision making, suggesting that diasporians, who had been long deprived by various constraints of the right to choose their place of residence, have comparatively high mobility and construct newer, much more sophisticated and far-flung diasporic layers.
(En Français) (Chinese)
By Maznah Mohamad
Keywords: Malaysia, Islamization in Malaysia, Sharia law, Islamic bureaucracy, Bureaucratic Islam, Secularization
Malaysia’s trend of mounting religiosity should not be seen as merely stemming from political rivalry between its two biggest Muslim parties (UMNO and PAS) but also from another source, its Sharia-aspiring bureaucracy. The hegemony of this religious bureaucracy is based on its power as arbiter of the “right” or official Islam and its oversight over Sharia laws and Islamic public institutions. Insulated from voters’ displeasure and, to a large extent through its strategy of invoking the immutability of Sharia, this bureaucracy has emerged as the lynchpin of Malaysia’s state-driven Islamization. But even as Sharia proponents disavow secularism, the essence of Islamic legal and bureaucratic transformation is closer to a secularized adaptation than to a process of desecularization. Furthermore, as much as the bureaucracy is seemingly unstoppable, it is far from being fully stabilized as it confronts a dissenting section of the Muslim middle class who are also keen to capture the discursive, but highly fortified legal space of “authentic” Islam occupied by this bureaucracy. Ultimately, what surfaces in Islam’s politicization is the contestation between a secularized Sharia bureaucracy and its juridical subjects, rather than a desecularization movement.
(En Français) (Chinese)
By Andrew Cock
Keywords: foreign aid, policy reform, resource curse thesis, oil boom, Cambodia’s ruling elite, Hun Sen
By mid-decade, Cambodia will likely begin production of offshore oil fields containing an estimated 700 million to two billion barrels of oil and significant quantities of natural gas. This long anticipated event has prompted considerable discussion of whether petroleum-derived wealth will be a blessing or a curse. Much of the discussion has been framed through the lens of the “resource curse” thesis. The purpose of this article is to consider how the notion of a resource curse has entered the Cambodian political arena and to examine the questions it has prompted Cambodia’s ruling elite and external actors to ask concerning the management of petroleum resources. Based on a systematic examination of the evolution of government policy, and of external attempts to shape its development, I show how warnings of a “resource curse” have come to be deployed in different ways by reform promoting aid donors, civil society groups, and the ruling elite. The article concludes by noting that while these warnings have helped to highlight risks associated with the rapid exploitation of petroleum resources, little will or capacity exists either domestically or internationally to transcend technical fixes to the pathologies of petroleum revenue wealth and to press for a more transparent exploitation regime.
(En Français) (Chinese)
Books Reviewed In This Issue
WHOSE IDEAS MATTER? Agency and Power in Asian Regionalism. By Amitav Acharya. Reviewed by Hiroyuki Hoshiro
GOVERNANCE AND REGIONALISM IN ASIA. Edited by Nicholas Thomas. Reviewed by Jing Huang
TRANSFORMING ASIAN GOVERNANCE: Rethinking Assumptions, Challenging Practices. Edited by M. Ramesh and Scott Fritzen.
Reviewed by Andrew Rosser
COPING WITH FACTS: A Skeptic’s Guide to the Problem of Development. By Adam Fforde. Reviewed by John Thoburn
THE NEXT FRONTIER: National Development, Political Change, and the Death Penalty in Asia. By David T. Johnson and Franklin E. Zimring.
Reviewed by Sangmin Bae
US-ASIA ECONOMIC RELATIONS: A Political Economy of Crisis and the Rise of New Business Actors. By Justin Robertson. Reviewed by Denis Fred Simon
ALONG THE ARCHIVAL GRAIN: Epistemic Anxieties and Colonial Common Sense. By Ann Laura Stoler. Reviewed by Julian Go
HUMAN SECURITY IN EAST ASIA: Challenges for Collaborative Action. Edited by Sorpong Peou. Reviewed by Geun Lee
HUMAN BELIEFS AND VALUES IN EAST AND SOUTHEAST ASIA IN TRANSITION: 13 Country Profiles on the Basis of the AsiaBarometer Surveys of 2006 and 2007. Edited by Takashi Inoguchi. Reviewed by Gordon Mathews
EAST ASIAN REGIONALISM FROM A LEGAL PERSPECTIVE: Current Features and a Vision for the Future. Edited by Tamio Nakamura.
Reviewed by Hiro Katsumata
ASIA ON TOUR: Exploring the Rise of Asian Tourism. Edited by Tim Winter, Peggy Teo and T.C. Chang. Reviewed by Chris Ryan
EAST ASIAN REGIONALISM. By Christopher M. Dent.
Reviewed by Jaewoo Choo
China and Inner Asia
CHINA AND THE NEW INTERNATIONAL ORDER. Edited by Wang Gungwu and Zheng Yongnian. Reviewed by André Laliberté
ASSOCIATIONS AND THE CHINESE STATE: Contested Spaces. Edited by Jonathan Unger. By Bruce J. Dickson. Reviewed by Kjeld Erik Brødsgaard
DEMOCRACY IS A GOOD THING: Essays on Politics, Society, and Culture in Contemporary China. By Yu Keping. Reviewed by Thomas Heberer
CAPITALISM WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS: Entrepreneurship and the State. By Yasheng Huang. Reviewed by George Lin
MANAGED CHAOS: The Fragility of the Chinese Miracle. By Prem Shankar Jha. Reviewed by Dali L. Yang
STATE AND SOCIETY RESPONSES TO SOCIAL WELFARE NEEDS IN CHINA: Serving the People. Edited by Jonathan Schwartz and Shawn Shieh.
Reviewed by Sophia Woodman
CHINA’S INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY REVOLUTION: Social Changes and State Responses. Edited by Xiaoling Zhang and Yongnian Zheng. By Yinghong Cheng. Reviewed by Barrett L. McCormick
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN CHINA: Politics of Piracy, Trade and Protection. By Gordon C.K. Cheung. Reviewed by Andrew Mertha
PIRACY AND THE STATE: The Politics on Intellectual Property Rights in China. By Martin K. Dimitrov. Reviewed by Andrew Mertha
TOURISM IN CHINA: Destination, Cultures and Communities. Edited by Chris Ryan and Gu Huimin. Reviewed by Jack Patrick Hayes
THE CHINESE EXOTIC: Modern Diasporic Femininity. By Olivia Khoo. By Grace S. Fong. Reviewed by Katie Willis
RISE OF THE RED ENGINEERS: The Cultural Revolution and the Origins of China’s New Class. By Joel Andreas. Reviewed by Suzanne Pepper
THE POLITICS OF CROSS-BORDER CRIME IN GREATER CHINA: Case Studies of Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macao. By Sonny Shiu-Hing Lo.
Reviewed by Harold Traver
GLOBAL SHANGHAI, 1850-2010: A History in Fragments. By Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom. Reviewed by Samuel Y. Liang
HONG KONG MOBILE: Making a Global Population. Edited by Helen F. Siu and Agnes S. Ku. Reviewed by Ming K. Chan
TAIWAN, HUMANITARIANISM, AND GLOBAL GOVERNANCE. By Alan Guilloux. Reviewed by Gerald Chan
MODERN TIBETAN LITERATURE AND SOCIAL CHANGE. Edited by Lauran R. Hartley and Patricia Schiaffi ni-Vedani; foreword by Matthew T. Kapstein. Reviewed by Robert Barnett
CHINA’S AFRICAN CHALLENGES. By Sarah Raine. Reviewed by Douglas Yates
BUSINESS INNOVATION IN ASIA: Knowledge and Technology Networks from Japan. By Dennis McNamara. Reviewed by Michael Carney
WOMEN AND THE LABOUR MARKET IN JAPAN’S INDUSTRIALISING ECONOMY: The Textile Industry Before the Pacific War. By Janet Hunter.
Reviewed by Carl Mosk
CITIES, AUTONOMY, AND DECENTRALIZATION IN JAPAN. Edited by Carola Hein and Philippe Pelletier. Reviewed by Paul Waley
HISTORY EDUCATION AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: A Case Study of Diplomatic Disputes over Japanese Textbooks. By Mutsumi Hirano. Reviewed by Philip Seaton
IMAGINED FAMILIES, LIVED FAMILIES: Culture and Kinship in Contemporary Japan. Edited by Akiko Hashimoto and John W. Traphagan.
Reviewed by Amy Borovoy
THE MODERN FAMILY IN JAPAN: Its Rise and Fall. By Chizuko Ueno. Reviewed by Barbara Holthus-Wiecking
GOING GLOBAL: Culture, Gender, and Authority in the Japanese Subsidiary of an American Corporation. By Ellen V. Fuller. Reviewed by Kuniko Ishiguro
JAPANESE TOURISM AND TRAVEL CULTURE. Edited by Sylvie Guichard-Anguis and Okpyo Moon. Reviewed by Sidney Cheung
OTAKU: Japan’s Database Animals. By Hiroki Azuma; translated by Jonathan E. Abel and Shion Kono. Reviewed by Cosima Wagner
JAPAN’S HOLY WAR: The Ideology of Radical Shinto Ultranationalism. By Walter A. Skya. Reviewed by Christopher W.A. Szpilman
PROPHET MOTIVE: Deguchi Onisaburo, Oomoto, and the Rise of New Religions in Imperial Japan. By Nancy K. Stalker. Reviewed by Peter Clarke
SHOTS IN THE DARK: Japan, Zen, and the West. By Shoji Yamada; translated by Earl Hartman. Reviewed by John Sojun Godfrey
CHINA AND JAPAN IN THE LATE MEIJI PERIOD: China Policy and the Japanese Discourse on National Identity, 1895-1904. By Urs Matthias Zachmann. Reviewed by Rustin Gates
CAPITALIST DEVELOPMENT IN KOREA: Labour, Capital and the Myth of the Developmental State. By Dae-oup Chang Reviewed by Iain Pirie
POLITICAL PROTEST AND LABOR SOLIDARITY IN KOREA: White-Collar Labor Movements after Democratization (1987-1995). By Doowon Suh.
Reviewed by Jennifer Chun
THERE A PETAL SILENTLY FALLS: Three Stories. By Ch’oe Yun; translated by Bruce and Ju-Chan Fulton. Reviewed by David McCann
JAPANAMERICA: How Japanese Pop Culture Has Invaded the U.S. By Ronald Kelts. Reviewed by Kukhee Choo
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IN SOUTH ASIA: Search for an Alternative Paradigm. Edited by Navnita Chadha Behera. Reviewed by T.V. Paul
LANGUAGE, EMOTION, AND POLITICS IN SOUTH INDIA: The Making of a Mother Tongue. By Lisa Mitchell. Reviewed by Chris J. Fuller
STRONG RELIGION, ZEALOUS MEDIA: Christian Fundamentalism and Communication in India. Reviewed by David Mosse
[RE]NEGOTIATING EAST AND SOUTHEAST ASIA: Region, Regionalism, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. By Alice D. Ba.
Reviewed by Donald Crone
SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA: Towards a Co-operative Management Regime. Edited by Sam Bateman and Ralf Emmers. Reviewed by Harsh V. Pant
THE CITY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: Patterns, Processes and Policy. By Peter J. Rimmer and Howard Dick. Reviewed by Terry G. McGee
THE GOLDEN TRIANGLE: Inside Southeast Asia’s Drug Trade. By Ko-Lin Chin. Reviewed by Rebecca McKetin
TOURISM IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: Challenges and New Directions. Edited by Michael Hitchcock, Victor T. King and Michael Parnwell.
Reviewed by Tou Chuang Chang
PHAN CHÃ‚U TRINH AND HIS POLITICAL WRITINGS. By Phan ChÃ¢u Trinh; translated and edited by Vinh Sinh. Reviewed by Liam Kelley
TOURS OF VIETNAM: War, Travel Guides, and Memory. By Scott Laderman. Reviewed byVictor Alneng
DEEPENING DEMOCRACY IN INDONESIA?: Direct Elections for Local Leaders (Pilkada). Edited by Maribeth Erb and Priyambudi Sulistiyanto.
Reviewed by R. William Liddle
THE STATE IN MYANMAR. By Robert H. Taylor.
Reviewed by Yoshihiro Nakanishi
BUILDING THE TATMADAW: Myanmar Armed Forces Since 1948. By Maung Aung Myoe. Reviewed by Josef Silverstein
FIERY DRAGONS: Banks, Moneylenders and Microfinance in Burma. By Sean Turnell. Reviewed by Tomoko Fuda
CONFLICT, VIOLENCE, AND DISPLACEMENT IN INDONESIA. Edited by Eva-Lotta E. Hedman. Reviewed by Ariel Heryanto
BROKERING A REVOLUTION: Cadres in a Philippine Maria Josephine Insurgency. Edited by Rosanne Rutten. Reviewed by Maria Josephine Barrios-Leblanc
Australasia and the Pacific Region
MORTALITY, MOURNING AND MORTUARY PRACTICES IN INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIA. Edited by Katie Glaskin et al. Reviewed by Maureen Fuary
MARGARET MEAD: The Making of an American Icon. By Nancy C. Lutkehaus. Reviewed by Penelope Schoeffel Meleisea
JOURNEYS TOWARDS PROGRESS: Essays of a Geographer on Development and Change in Oceania. By Ray Watters; Edited by Ginny Sullivan.
Reviewed by Susan Farran
PHOTOGRAPHY AND AUSTRALIA. By Helen Ennis. Reviewed by Joshua A. Bell